Sunday, October 27, 2013

Disscussion


9.  DISCUSSION

§  Purpose :
o   to present information and opinions about issues in more one side of an issue (‘For/Pros’ and ‘Against/Cons’)

§  Generic Structure :
1. Issue
2. Arguments for and against
3. Conclusion

§  Dominant Language Features:
1. Using Simple Present Tense
2. Use of relating verb/to be
3. Using thinking verb
4. Using general and abstract noun
5. Using conjunction/transition
6. Using modality
7. Using adverb of manner

§  Example


Many young people have difficulty deciding where they will live when the time comes to leave home and make their own way in the world. Among the more common alternatives are sharing a house or flat with other young people, and finding full board and lodgings in someone else's home.
Renting a house with other young people offers the advantage of a high degree of freedom and independence. On the down side, renting involves a variety of responsibilities that may be more than you wish to take on. This would mean you would be responsible for making large rental payments if one or more of the people you are sharing with should move out of the house or flat. It might also mean that you are held financially responsible if they damage the dwelling.
Finding board and lodgings, on the other hand, has significant advantages. Generally you have no responsibility for the cleaning or maintenance of the dwelling or its gardens, other than to take reasonable care of your room. However, living in board and lodging circumstances has its drawbacks too. You have less freedom and flexibility in your lifestyle.
In the end, the decision each person makes will depend on their own personal valuing of independence and of convenience, as well as their feeling of readiness for taking on the considerable financial and other responsibilities of house or flat rental.

1.       The text mainly discusses about …
  1. sharing a house
  2. cleaning a house
  3. deciding where to live
  4. renting a house
  5. finding full board

2.       “Finding board and lodgings, on the other hand, has significant advantages.”
      The underlined word means …
  1. gained position
  2. rooms rented to live
  3. supply of materials                  
  4. work of cutting down trees
  5. ability to convince

3.       The writer’s purpose of writing the text is …
a.       to present two points of view about deciding where to live
b.       to persuade readers to rent a house with other young people
c.        to describe how to decide to find a rented house
d.       to inform readers how to decide where to live
e.       to explain how to find board and lodgings
What do you think about home schooling? Do you think it's a good idea concerning socialization and all? Believed to be first introduced in the U.S. decades ago, home schooling is now mushrooming in the country. This phenomenon seems to be in response to the fact that children's rights are sidelined in the arena of formal education. As an alternative education system, home schooling could become a popular choice for children of school age
Home schooling provides kids with educational opportunities that traditional public schooling has not provided. It offers a refreshing system by which students are encouraged to be creative and express themselves. Students will discover the thrill and sense of accomplishment that self-initiated learning can bring.
 On the other hand, some people believe that home schooling can be inefficient and expensive. Students’ social life is, indeed, something to be concerned about in home schooling education. Most school districts make sincere attempts to keep their home schooled students active participants in the social, athletic, and extracurricular life of the school.
It is strongly recommended that parents contact home schooling resource that may be able to put them in touch with kids who have gone through home schooling and those who are currently being home schooled. Talking with them would be a great way for parents to make a more informed decision about their kids’ education.

1.       The text mainly discusses about …
  1. kids’ education
  2. students’ socialization problem
  3. education problem
  4. an alternative education system
  5. popular public schooling

2.       What does the writer suggest that parents do before making decision to provide home schooling for their kids?
  1. It's a good idea concerning socialization and all.
  2. Parents provide home schooling for their children.
  3. Public schooling education offers refreshment system.
  4. Parents seek home schooling resource’s information.
  5. Parents always keep their home schooled kids active.

3.        “… parents contact home schooling resource that may be able to put them in touch with kids who have gone through home schooling”
The underlined phrase means ….
  1. connected               d. informed
  2. known                    e. hang out
  3. concerned              
Terima kasih sudah membaca ini, semoga bermanfaat...

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